Accelerating the pace of engineering and science

• 평가판
• 제품 업데이트

# toeplitz

Symbolic Toeplitz matrix

toeplitz(c,r)
toeplitz(r)

## Description

toeplitz(c,r) generates a nonsymmetric Toeplitz matrix having c as its first column and r as its first row. If the first elements of c and r are different, toeplitz issues a warning and uses the first element of the column.

toeplitz(r) generates a symmetric Toeplitz matrix if r is real. If r is complex, but its first element is real, then this syntax generates the Hermitian Toeplitz matrix formed from r. If the first element of r is not real, then the resulting matrix is Hermitian off the main diagonal, meaning that Tij = conjugate(Tji) for i ≠ j.

## Input Arguments

 c Vector specifying the first column of a Toeplitz matrix. r Vector specifying the first row of a Toeplitz matrix.

## Examples

Generate the Toeplitz matrix from these vectors. Because these vectors are not symbolic objects, you get floating-point results.

```c = [1 2 3 4 5 6];
r = [1 3/2 3 7/2 5];
toeplitz(c,r)```
```ans =
1.0000    1.5000    3.0000    3.5000    5.0000
2.0000    1.0000    1.5000    3.0000    3.5000
3.0000    2.0000    1.0000    1.5000    3.0000
4.0000    3.0000    2.0000    1.0000    1.5000
5.0000    4.0000    3.0000    2.0000    1.0000
6.0000    5.0000    4.0000    3.0000    2.0000```

Now, convert these vectors to a symbolic object, and generate the Toeplitz matrix:

```c = sym([1 2 3 4 5 6]);
r = sym([1 3/2 3 7/2 5]);
toeplitz(c,r)```
```ans =
[ 1, 3/2,   3, 7/2,   5]
[ 2,   1, 3/2,   3, 7/2]
[ 3,   2,   1, 3/2,   3]
[ 4,   3,   2,   1, 3/2]
[ 5,   4,   3,   2,   1]
[ 6,   5,   4,   3,   2]```

Generate the Toeplitz matrix from this vector:

```syms a b c d
T = toeplitz([a b c d])```
```T =
[       a,       b,       c,       d]
[ conj(b),       a,       b,       c]
[ conj(c), conj(b),       a,       b]
[ conj(d), conj(c), conj(b),       a]```

If you specify that all elements are real, then the resulting Toeplitz matrix is symmetric:

```syms a b c d real;
T = toeplitz([a b c d])```
```T =
[ a, b, c, d]
[ b, a, b, c]
[ c, b, a, b]
[ d, c, b, a]```

For further computations, clear the assumptions:

`syms a b c d clear`

Generate the Toeplitz matrix from a vector containing complex numbers:

`T = toeplitz(sym([1, 2, i]))`
```T =
[  1, 2, i]
[  2, 1, 2]
[ -i, 2, 1]```

If the first element of the vector is real, then the resulting Toeplitz matrix is Hermitian:

`logical(T == T')`
```ans =
1     1     1
1     1     1
1     1     1```

If the first element is not real, then the resulting Toeplitz matrix is Hermitian off the main diagonal:

`T = toeplitz(sym([i, 2, 1]))`
```T =
[ i, 2, 1]
[ 2, i, 2]
[ 1, 2, i]```
`logical(T == T')`
```ans =
0     1     1
1     0     1
1     1     0```

Generate a Toeplitz matrix using these vectors to specify the first column and the first row. Because the first elements of these vectors are different, toeplitz issues a warning and uses the first element of the column:

```syms a b c
toeplitz([a b c], [1 b/2 a/2])```
```Warning: First element of input column does not match first element of input row.
Column wins diagonal conflict. [linalg::toeplitz]

ans =
[ a, b/2, a/2]
[ b,   a, b/2]
[ c,   b,   a]```

expand all

### Toeplitz Matrix

A Toeplitz matrix is a matrix that has constant values along each descending diagonal from left to right. For example, matrix T is a symmetric Toeplitz matrix:

### Tips

• Calling toeplitz for numeric arguments that are not symbolic objects invokes the MATLAB® toeplitz function.