Linear models describe a continuous response variable as a function of one or more predictor variables. They can help you understand and predict the behavior of complex systems or analyze experimental, financial, and biological data.
Linear regression is a statistical method used to create a linear model. The model describes the relationship between a dependent variable y (also called the response) as a function of one or more independent variables Xi (called the predictors). The general equation for a linear model is:
y = β0 + ∑ βiXi + εi
where β represents linear parameter estimates to be computed and ε represents the error terms.
There are several types of linear regression:
To create a linear model that fits curves and surfaces to your data, see Curve Fitting Toolbox. To create linear models of dynamic systems from measured input-output data, see System Identification Toolbox. To create a linear model for control system design from a nonlinear Simulink model, see Simulink Control Design.